About Scientific Journals
Scientific journals are periodical publications that are published as a part of academic publishing, with the specific purpose of furthering the progress made by science through regular reporting of the latest research work. A large number of scientific journals have already been published and a good number of them are under publication right now. Majority of these journals are of highly specialized nature, although few of the oldest kinds like ‘Nature’ continue to publish scientific papers and articles spanning various scientific fields.
The articles published in scientific journals are mostly peer-reviewed, with the idea of ensuring that they abide by the quality standards and scientific validity. Despite the fact that scientific journals can be likened to professional magazines, they’re very different from the latter. You can’t go through a scientific journal in a casual manner like you can do with a professional magazine. The research results published in scientific journals constitute an integral part of the basic scientific method. In case they talk about certain calculations of experiments, all such details are backed by sufficient data, ensuring that any independent researcher can repeat and verify the results of the same calculations or experiments. Every article published in scientific journals becomes a permanent part of solid scientific record.
History of scientific journals
The origin of scientific journals can be traced back to the year 1665 when English ‘Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society’ and the French ‘Journal Des Scavans’ started the systematic publishing of research results. Thousands of scientific journals have been published since then and their numbers continue to grow rapidly.
The articles published as a part of the scientific journals can be utilized in higher education and scientific research. These articles enable researchers to stay up-to-date with the ongoing developments in their fields and provide valid directions to their own research. One of the essential components of an article published in a scientific journal is citation of earlier works. The assessment of impact made by these journals and articles is usually ascertained through the number of citations and their impact.
Many university classes engage in explication of the classic articles. Seminar classes are held wherein students make impressive presentations on various current or classic papers. Text books and school books have also been written on the established topics (nevertheless, obscure and latest research articles are only accessible via scientific articles/journals). In fact it’s normal for various scientific research groups or journal clubs to actively discuss the content of the current scientific journals.
The standards adopted by scientific journals for determination of publications may vary widely. Certain scientific journals like ‘Physical Review Letters’, ‘PNAS’, ‘Science’ and ‘Nature’ regularly publish articles related to fundamental breakthroughs in their fields. Many fields feature a kind of hierarchy when it comes to the publishing of scientific journals. As the prestigious journals of specific fields have a very high impact factor, they’re very particular about selection of articles for their publications. It’s not uncommon for journals to have some sort of regional focus, specializing only in publishing of papers originating from a specific geographic region or country, for instance ‘African Invertebrates’.
Most articles published in the scientific journals are highly technical, putting forth the latest experimental results and theoretical research in their respective fields. They may normally be incomprehensible to anyone other than the advance level students and researchers of that particular field.